A vasectomy procedure can be reversed with a vasectomy reversal. A vasectomy is a birth control measure men undergo that prevents semen from carrying sperm. Although the surgery is very popular, some men can later decide to have their vasectomy reversed. Male patients can undergo a vasectomy reversal, which allows them to once again father children. Despite claims that a vasectomy reversal is difficult to perform and doesn’t always work, the surgery can be successful.
There are multiple reasons why men decide to undergo a vasectomy reversal. Regardless of the reason, patients will consult with their doctors about the possibility of having the procedure performed and will undergo an examination. Patients should understand that a vasectomy reversal can be a far more in-depth surgery than the original vasectomy. This is due to the surgeon needing to repair the tubes that were snipped and clipped during the original procedure. Patients will go through an exam to see if they are healthy enough to undergo the surgery. In addition, doctors must determine if patients can produce healthy sperm before operating. Some doctors want to know if a patient’s spouse is capable of having children as well before completing the surgery.
A vasectomy reversal is performed under general anaesthetic in a hospital setting. Surgeries may take up to three hours to complete. This is far different than a vasectomy procedure in which patients are put under a local anaesthetic and surgeries can take as little as 15 minutes. The difference in operation time shows the complexity of the surgery. Incisions are made on the scrotum and the surgeon reconnects the vas deferens. The operation is completed under a microscope. After the tubes are reconnected, they are stitched together. At the same time, sperm will be extracted directly from the testicles and frozen to ensure there is backup sperm available should the vasectomy reversal fail. The frozen sperm can be used for ICSI.
Patient recovery times can be extensive on a vasectomy reversal. Most patients will need a week or longer off work to overcome the discomfort they feel. It is advised men wait a month before resuming sexual activity.
The testicle tubes may not heal fully if men begin having intercourse too soon. Patients may take over the counter painkillers to relieve the post-surgery pain. In addition, icing the area can lessen swelling and discomfort.