The testicles are a vital part of the male reproductive system – they produce sperm and testosterone. Both are major elements in male sexual development.
Testicular cancer is treatable and there are high success rates in those men who have been diagnosed with the disease, particularly with early diagnosis. Experts state that testicular cancer is a rare form of the disease when compared to other forms of cancer and can be treated effectively.
Men will often discover testicular cancer themselves due to the symptoms that occur. Doctors can also diagnose the disease through examination. A general practitioner will then send a patient to have an ultrasound of the testicles urgently and blood tests to confirm the original diagnoses. It is advised to self-examine on a regular basis to note any changes in the testicle as this helps with early diagnosis.
Testicular cancer may affect only one of the testicles. It is most common in just one testicle which allows men to compare their testicles when self-examining. There are a number of symptoms men can experience when they develop testicular cancer. These may include:
Testicular cancer treatment varies due to a variety factors including how early it was diagnosed, the stage of the disease, and a patient’s overall health.
Depending on the severity of the cancer, a patient could have their testicle or lymph nodes removed. Radiation and chemotherapy can also be used to treat the cancer. In some cases, patients will have both surgery and radiation or chemotherapy to treat the disease.
By removing the testicles, a patient’s chance of making a full recovery is higher than if the testicles are kept intact. Men who have a cancerous testicle removed can still father children despite the procedure. However, sperm should be stored by freezing before any surgery or treatment is undertaken.