Male Fertility can have an impact on mental health and Professor Suks Minhas understands the emotional toll infertility can cause you and your partner. We want to help you get to the root cause of your fertility issues so you can build your family.
Identifying the specific cause of infertility is an important step towards your goal of starting a family. It is essential to evaluate the male partner to determine the cause.
Another reason to evaluate men for infertility is because it may be a symptom of significant but otherwise silent disease.
Even if the patient suffers from azoospermia, where there is no sperm present in the ejaculated fluid, there are still treatment options, like a testicular sperm extraction.
Many factors can affect the quality of sperm and lead to male infertility, including:
Lifestyle factors such as smoking and heavy drinking can negatively affect semen quality. Additionally, environmental toxins, such as those found in the workplace, can damage a patient’s sperm.
The natural ageing process can impact male fertility and sexual function. The quality of your sperm will decrease with age.
Some health conditions like diabetes, HIV, and Gonorrhoea, among others, can lead to male infertility. During treatment, patients with kidney disease may also experience reduced sperm count and function.
Cancer treatments like chemotherapy and hormone therapy can damage sperm cells. In many cases, sperm production slows or stops completely after chemotherapy, while hormone therapy can lower sperm production and cause erectile dysfunction.
Some patients will experience male infertility because of certain genetic conditions. Chromosomal abnormalities, gene deletions, and gene mutations can all cause male infertility.
There are several steps that can be taken to improve the quality of your sperm. Depending on the cause or causes of your male factor infertility, we can recommend customised treatment to help facilitate conception and pregnancy.
While we always recommend conservative options first, in some cases, like azoospermia or varicocele, surgery may be necessary. A varicocele is an enlarged vein within the scrotum that can cause a block. If this is the cause of your infertility, the varicocele can be corrected through a surgical procedure that stitches or clips the vein shut. If azoospermia is the cause of your fertility issues, a testicular sperm extraction can be performed to retrieve the sperm directly from the testicles.
Assisted reproductive technology
Assisted reproductive technology can include collecting sperm through ejaculation, testicular sperm extraction, or obtaining a sample from a donor depending on your wishes and goals. The collected sperm will then be inserted into the female partner or used for in vitro fertilisation (IVF).
For fertility issues involving genetic conditions, environmental factors, or weight-related health conditions like diabetes, our team may recommend lifestyle changes. Sometimes maintaining a healthy diet and stopping habits like smoking can be enough to facilitate pregnancy.